The ‘Framework for South Africa’s Response to the International Economic Crisis’ introduced the Training Layoff Scheme (TLS), which still forms one of the tools that is available to South African workers and companies which are in economic stress. A training layoff occurs when the layoff period is used productively to train workers in a more diverse range of skills – so that workers have better skills and their company has the opportunity to move into more  specialized production, or improve production obstacles which may have existed previously. The ultimate goal is to create a sustainable future outcome for workers and their companies when regular work eventually resumes.