South Africa is a coal-dependent economy and the contribution of coal as the primary feedstock to electricity generation – currently at close to 90% – places South Africa high on the list of global carbon-emitting countries. Shifting the energy system requires a just transition. Strides have been made towards renewable energy generation through the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme (REI4P). Eskom is in a crisis with high levels of debt and an old business model. Ideally rather than investing in coal power stations Eskom should be investing in renewable energy.